Capitalization Rules

Examples Help! What is the definition of Capitalization ?

How do you define Capitalization ? What is the definition of Capitalization? The definition of Capitalization is as follows:


English Grammar & Terminology Definition of Capitalization
Definition: The act of printing with upper case letters.
Capital letters are used to give emphasis to or call attention to certain words to
distinguish them from the context.
Definition of Capitalization Rules

When to use Capitalization - the Rules
When to use the capitalization rules with examples:

  • Capitalization Rules - The first word of every sentence, in fact the first word in writing of any kind should begin with a capital; as, "Time flies." "My dear friend."
  • Every direct quotation should begin with a capital letter; "Dewey said,—'Fire, when you're ready, Gridley!'
  • Every direct question commences with a capital; "Let me ask you; 'How old are you?'"
  • Capitalization Rule - Every line of poetry begins with a capital; "Breathes there a man with soul so dead?"
  • Every numbered clause calls for a capital: "The witness asserts: (1) That he saw the man attacked; (2) That he saw him fall; (3) That he saw his assailant flee."
  • In the titles of books, nouns, pronouns, adjectives and adverbs should begin with a capital; as, "Johnson's Lives of the Poets."
  • Capitalization Rule - In the Roman notation numbers are denoted by capitals; as, I II III V X L C D M—1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500, 1000.
  • Capitalization Rules - Proper names begin with a capital; as, "Jones, Johnson, Caesar, Mark Antony, England, Pacific, Christmas."
  • Such words as river, sea, mountain, etc., when used generally are common, not proper nouns, and require no capital. But when such are used with an adjective or adjunct to specify a particular object they become proper names, and therefore require a capital; as, "Mississippi River, North Sea, Alleghany Mountains," etc.
  • Capitalization Rules - When a proper name is compounded with another word, the part which is not a proper name begins with a capital if it precedes, but with a small letter if it follows, the hyphen; as "Post-homeric," "Sunday-school."
  • Capitalization Rules - Words derived from proper names require a Capital; as, "American, Irish, Christian, Americanize."
  • In this connection the names of political parties, religious sects and schools of thought begin with capitals; as, "Republican, Democrat, Whig, Catholic, Presbyterian, Rationalists, Free Thinkers."
  • Capitalization Rules - The titles of honorable, state and political offices begin with a capital; as, "President, Chairman, Governor, Alderman."
  • The abbreviations of learned titles and college degrees call for capitals; as, "LL.D., M.A., B.S.," etc. Also the seats of learning conferring such degrees as, "Harvard University, Manhattan College," etc.
  • Capitalization Rules - When such relative words as father, mother, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, etc., precede a proper name, they are written and printed with capitals; as, Brother John, Sister Jane, Uncle Jacob, Aunt Eliza. Father, when used to denote the early Christian writer, is begun with a capital; "Augustine was one of the learned Fathers of the Church."
  • Capitalization Rules - The names applied to the Supreme Being begin with capitals: "God, Lord, Creator, Heavenly Father, Holy One." In this respect the names applied to the Saviour also require capitals: "Jesus Christ, Son of God, Man of Galilee." Also the designations of Biblical characters as "Lily of Israel, Prince of the Apostles, Star of the Sea," etc. Pronouns referring to God and Christ take capitals; as, "His work, The work of Him, etc."
  • Expressions used to designate the Bible or any particular division of it begin with a capital; as, "Holy Writ, The Sacred Book, Holy Book, God's Word, Old Testament, New Testament, Gospel of St. Matthew."
  • Expressions based upon the Bible or in reference to Biblical characters begin with a capital: "Water of Life, Hope of Men, Help of Christians, Scourge of Nations."
  • Capitalization Rules - Words of very special importance, especially those which stand out as the names of leading events in history, have capitals; as, "The Revolution, The Civil War, The Middle Ages, The Age of Iron," etc.
  • Capitalization Rules - Terms which refer to great events in the history of the race require capitals; "Magna Charta, Declaration of Independence."


  • The names of the days of the week and the months of the year and the seasons are commenced with capitals: "Monday, March, Autumn."
  • The Pronoun I and the interjection O always require the use of capitals. In fact all the interjections when uttered as exclamations commence with capitals: "Alas! he is gone." "Ah! I pitied him."
  • Capitalization Rules - All noms-de-guerre, assumed names, as well as names given for distinction, call for capitals, as, "The Wizard of the North," "Paul Pry," "The Northern Gael," "Sandy Sanderson," "Poor Robin," etc.
  • In personification, that is, when inanimate things are represented as endowed with life and action, the noun or object personified begins with a capital; as, "The starry Night shook the dews from her wings." "Mild-eyed Day appeared," "The Oak said to the Beech—'I am stronger than you.'"

Examples Help - Capitalization Rules - Understanding English Grammar!

English Grammar applies rules for standard use of words and how their component parts combine to form sentences. A grammar is also a system for classifying and analyzing the elements of language including inflections, functions, rules and relations in the sentence. This page about Capitalization Rules will help with the understanding of this subject.

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Capitalization Rules

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